Richa is researching the synthesis and characterization of 2D materials. She will be using high temperature vacuum furnaces to grow GaSe thin film. And, then she will characterize the grown materials using Atomic force microscopy, Raman Spectroscopy and Photoluminescence spectroscopy she will characterize these materials and their opto-electronic properties.
Richa’s research is “NON UREMIC CALCIPHYLAXIS” highly fatal and extremely rare disease of “ Non Uremic Calciphylaxis ”, which has a reported mortality rate of 81% within 6 months of diagnosis , which is much more than many of the stage IV malignancies. It is an ischaemic vasculopathy characterized by the deposition of calcium within the media of small and intermediate dermal vasculature which can lead to epidermal ischaemia , ulceration and necrosis. It is usually seen in end stage kidney disease patients but i am working on that disease that develops in non kidney disease patients.
I’m a 4th year MD/PhD dual degree student, currently working towards my PhD in Epidemiology. My research interests are in the area of healthcare-associated infections, especially those related to antibiotic resistance and Clostridium difficile globally. Outside of work I enjoy cooking, photography, reading, and travel.
Vishal is researching the detection of morphological differences in tissues in the context of osteoarthritis. His project is based on the registration of two images to analyse effect of bone development in osteoarthritis.
Ishu is researching on estimating the structure and motion from Videos. He will be using Deep Neural Networks to train a model that decomposes frame-to-frame pixel motion in terms of scene and object depth, camera motion and 3D object rotations and translations. The model when trained can be used to predict depth maps from the single monocular 2-d image and predict the pose and motion from two consecutive images of the video.
Mohit worked on Active Flow Control for drag reduction due to wall turbulence. He was using blowing/suction actuation to suppress the turbulent coherent structures in the flow. The flow bed had an array of sensors to detect the pressure fluctuations at the wall and blowing/suction will be performed accordingly. To design the experimental setup, simulations were performed using resolvent Spectral method.
Pallav is studying Invariant Theory of General Linear Groups over Finite Fields – They are trying to describe the generators of the invariant ring of general linear groups over finite fields due to their action on a quotient subring of the polynomial ring
Host: Tata Institute For Research Centre for Applied Mathematics
Daniel Howard, a 2015 S.N. Bose scholar, spent his summer in Bengaluru, India at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Centre for Applicable Mathematics (TIFR-CAM) with Prof. Praveen Chandrasekhar. Collaborating with Prof. Dinshaw Balsara from the University of Notre Dame, research work focused on computatonal fluid dynamics and discontinuous Galerkin methods. Daniel received his B.S. in Applied Mathematics, Engineering, and Physics (AMEP) from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in May 2015 and is now a Ph.D. graduate student at the University of Notre Dame in the Department of Applied & Computational Mathematics & Statistics (ACMS).
Kanika is studying the production of biofuels using Zymomomas using MEP pathway which is used to make isoprenoid. They are trying to clone 5 enzymes of this pathway and incorporate this plasmid into zymomonas for bioduels biofuels production
Ananth is studying polymer conformations in ionic liquids. The aim of the project is to find the dependence of polymer size on the molecular weight, when the polymer is dissolved in an ionic liquid. The polymers studied are PEO and NIPAM. The studies will be conducted using rheology and light scattering techniques.
Anuja’s project is studying a norovirus is the most common cause of gastroenteritis in the world. The ORF1 of this virus encodes a polypeptide which is cleaved by a protease to form non structural proteins. The project is to study the effect of various protease inhibitors on the Houston variety of this virus (HOV) and find the most potent inhibitor of HOV protease.
Vivek’s lab is called “The Effect on the size distribution of the Nano-particles by the application of DC as well as AC Electric field to the Flame System with different geometry”. Along with this they will also focus on doing charge fraction, size distribution measurement, and SEM TEM imaging of Nano-particles.
The topic that Rhaul is studying is Rhodopsin Biosynthesis and Disc Formation in Rod Photoreceptor cell Description: Photoreceptor cells are a specialized type of neuron found in the retina that absorb and convert photons into electrical signals. They are essential for initiating the phototransduction cascade, which ultimately leads to visual perception. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods and cones. Rods are located in the outer regions of the retina and allow us to see in dim light as well as dark conditions. Rhodopsin is the light sensitive visual pigment in rods that allows humans to see in these low light conditions. Cones, on the other hand, reside mostly in the central portion of the retina and allow us to perceive fine visual detail and color. Both rods and cones are comprised of an outer segment full of discrete membranous discs, an inner segment, a nuclear layer, and a synaptic terminal. My project focuses on understanding rhodopsin biosynthesis and disc formation patterns in rod outer segments (ROS). It is widely accepted that disc formation in mammalian rods follows a 10-day cycle and light exposure increases disc phagocytosis at the apical end and increases lipid production at the basal end. Phagocytosis and degradation of ROS ensures functional integrity of the photoreceptor cells and other retinal cells. There are several factors, such as genetic or environmental factors, that can cause photoreceptor degeneration and eventual vision loss. Currently I am exploring how varying light conditions impact ROS renewal and rhodopsin incorporation into discs. Using a transgenic mouse that has a fluorescent marker attached to rhodopsin, I aim to understand the pattern of disc formation, rhodopsin biosynthesis in ROS, and the degenerative effect of light. This project can provide insight on how light exposure affects photoreceptors structure and function, which plays a key role in the visual process.
Host: Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT) Univeristy
Jared Landsman is an MS student in the Building Science program at UC Berkeley. He received his BS in Civil Engineering from Cornell University in 2014. Through the Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD), Jared is currently conducting research on occupant comfort and the performance of passive design strategies in buildings in both the United States and India. This past summer, Jared spent 6 weeks working with the Centre for Advanced Research in Building Science & Energy (CARBSE) at CEPT University in India.
Murlidhar is fabricating scaffolds from blend of natural cell-interacting chitosan and lactide-polyethylene gylcol hydrogel followed by characterization of hydrogels which can further used for encapsulation of MSCs.
Sibendu is studying the ffective SINR measurement for wifi OFDM PHY layer abstraction. Actually present PHY layer abstraction has a default AWGN channel so we have a constant frequency independent SINR but to avoid interference and multi path fading we go for OFDM where a number of subcarrier frequency bands used to send parallel bit stream. So here SINR will be different in each frequency band so we get a SINR vector that we are trying to map in a single SINR by EESM and MIESM algorithm. The entire implementation will be done in NS3 where the SISO (Single Input Single Output) model exist so from the SINR vector got from MIMO model we will have a single SINR so that it can be equivalently fitted in that SISO.model
Jacob is studying multiple vulnerabilities among People Who Inject Drugs (PWIDs) – This research focuses on the scope for primary prevention among PWIDs in their injecting as well as sexual networks. This work also looks into scope for integrating sexual reproductive health services with maternal and child health services. He finds this topic very interesting looking at India’s HIV control programme (which looks at prevention programmes aimed at high risk groups for HIV) at one hand,and the existing social cultural structure with patriarchy and status of women and how these affect access to health on the other to understand various dimension of vulnerabilities for transmission in the population.
Poovizhi Rengasamy is studying the simulation and implementation of voltage quadrupler. For the purpose of electrofishing 240V AC generated in the boat is converted to 1200 V DC using power electronic switches.The simulation is done using PLECS software and has to be implemented in PCB board.Earlier the conversion from AC is done using manual switches and huge capacitors. After using power electronic circuit we are able to achieve the conversion with less capacitance values and also control can be done in the final output voltage which is also cheaper.
Host: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur
2016 Khorana Scholar
Suriya is studying MR reconstruction using deep learning. Use of compressed sensing techniques allows MRI reconstruction from undersampled sparse K space data.To explore the use of specialised convolutional neural networks and autoencoders to learn optimal regulizers in reducing the motion artifacts and also reducing the computational time in compressed sensing based CEST(chemical energy saturation transfer) MRI reconstruction.
“The Effect of Hepatits B Status on Drug Induced Hepatotoxicity from Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment” — Treatment with antituberculosis medications often induces hepatotoxic effects, deemed drug induced hepatotoxicity. This can cause serious liver damage, increase likelihood of default, and complicate treatment. Chronic Hepatitis B co-infection is hypothesized to exacerbate this side effect. The Tibetan refugee population in India has both a high burden of Hepatitis B and Tuberculosis and thus provides a unique opportunity to study the interaction between these two diseases.
Yashovardhan’s proj is called et name is “Dynamic Searchable Encryption via Blind Storage”. He will be working on implementing and improving a solution developed by his professor to the problem of “Symmetric Searchable Encryption. He will be considering various security, efficiency and usability aspects of this construction.
Shashank was researching on recent changes in glaciers with respect to mass budget and flow dynamics in Sikkim, India as a part of the ‘NASA High Mountains of Asia Project’. He used medium to high resolution satellite images to derive DEMs and work on a time series using open source libraries. Additionally, he assessed the galcial lakes in the region and try to establish a link between glacier dynamics and lake growth pattern.
Soundarya’s project area is the Process Engineering and Energy. Brief description: It deals with supply chain management and finding the most optimized way for producing biofuel using regioanl depots and GAMs software.
Santhoshini is studying approximating MAXDICUT in a streaming setting – They are working on finding a good approximation algorithm for finding Max DICUT of a directed graph with its edges coming in a streaming setting and they are working on lower bounds for the same
Sridevi is studying homeostatic plasticity in cultured visual cortical neurons: The aim of the project will be to transfect cultured visual cortical neurons with a lentiviral construct expressing a mutant form of GRIP, a post synaptic protein and study the effect on homeostatic plasticity.
I went to India this past summer to complete my field work for my Masters in Public Health program. I did a qualitative research project on antibiotic resistance. I enjoyed learning more about public health along with learning about the Indian culture.
Sai Sinhu is working on Biosensors for small molecules based on Transcription Factors. They have transcription factor gene and a GFP transformed into a bacterial cell. So when the transcription factor goes and binds to promoter of GFP , the GFP is repressed. When the small molecule binds to transcription factor, it leaves the promoter making space for RNA polymerase to bind and GFP is expressed. So this GFP on Off helps us to sense how much small molecule is produced in the cell. I am checking which promoter for transcription factor will give us a good on-off signal. So they selected promoters which have diverse distributed protein production units and planning to transform them into bacterial cells and see how the GFP on off works.